Jan 31 2013

The Flynn effect: Are people getting smarter?

Published by under Brain

Article by Angelina Zarok

The Flynn effect: Are people getting smarter or are people merely getting more practice at the skills measured on IQ tests?

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The IQ test results have been getting better and better, year over year, since IQ testing began. This is called the Flynn Effect.

For the Flynn Effect I favor that people are merely getting more practice at the skills measured on IQ tests. I believe that with every new generation and with the advancement of technology since the 1900’s, information has become more and more readily available, starting with newspapers, then radio, then TV and then the internet. I also believe that with every new generation people are usually more educated than the generations before and therefore parents start teaching their kids new things that their own parents had not thought them.

I believe that the advancements in technology is helping us to have a greater level knowledge, which therefore results in better IQ test results. Although, this is my main belief, I am also not disqualifying that people may be getting smarter due to evolution. In the millions of years that earth and life has existing, evolution has taken place and if we came from a common ancestor to the apes, then humans became smarter via evolution and this may still be in t he works. One of the ways evolution happens is by natural selection. Could this mean that in our society less intelligent people are not getting married as much as the more intelligent people and therefore these genes do not get passed on? It would seem to make sense and maybe if there were some studies done about this, then it would shed more light, if indeed evolution is a factor in people getting smarter.

Results on IQ tests tend to differ among different ethnic groups. Some people have used this fact to argue that some ethnic groups tend to be intellectually superior to others. If this is the case, then maybe evolution may also have affected the inelegance of different ethnic groups differently. There were and still are many societies in the world that arranged marriages by family are a common place, which may mean that in these societies the less intelligent are getting married as much as the more intelligent, therefore their genes getting passed on equally, where in some modern societies, the natural selection results in passing of genes of the more intelligent.

References: Bennett, J., Briggs, W., & Triola, M. (2009). Statistical Reasoning for Everyday Life, Third Edition. Pearson Education Inc.

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Mar 26 2012

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Bulimia

Published by under Behavior,Cognitive Development

Bulimia nervosa, non-purging bulimia, and binge-eating disorder are three inter-related medical conditions and they should not to be mistaken for being one and the same thing. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that currently affects more women than men: for every ten women diagnosed, one man is. The condition is characterized by periods of marked overeating — binging — that are followed by some purging activity like regurgitation or the consumption of laxatives to rid the body of the excessively consumed food. Afterwards, those affected by the condition experience guilt or shame.

By medical accord, bulimia is present in individuals who perform bulimia behaviors at least twice a week during a three-month period. The disorders are tied to concerns about body image and are more prevalent in rich countries than in poor ones, though incidences in the latter are on the rise. The affected sometimes turn to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to overcome the debilitating effects bulimia and binge-eating bring on.

CBT is one type of psychological treatment among many, but it has garnered renown for its goal-oriented approach and for its tackling of the behaviors that lead to emotional and psychological distress. Obsessive compulsive disorder, clinical depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder, like bulimia, are frequently treated with CBT.

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Mar 19 2012

Giving Three-Year-Olds Choice and Praising Good Behavior

Published by under Behavior

Some say the Terrible Two’s are the most taxing time to be a toddler’s parent. But even one year later, the road of parenting can be rough, which is not to say that these wearying periods are completely bereft of wonderment or joy.

Parents, as it’s always been the case, must get their bearings together and tough it out; age three is when children are privy to key developmental lessons, and parental guidance is crucial. Helping them navigate this time with grace will be rewarding for the both of you. At three, kids gain a more concrete sense of their own individuality, and it’s also during this period that their curiosity about the world expands astronomically. They’ll be posing questions left and right.

According human instinct, and child development experts, too, the best response to their growing sense of self and curiosity is to encourage little ones to use their voices and to be heard. One way to do the latter is to present toddlers alternatives they can choose from. For instance, let them make the choice between two lunch options. It’s also recommended that you do your best to praise your child’s attempts at good behavior. At three, children can comprehend the expectations for behavior hoisted on them.

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Mar 13 2012

Mutual Accountability Between Manager and Employee

Published by under Mutual Accountability

Within business hierarchy, managers are those responsible for the performance of employees under their supervision. Maintaining the behavior and performance of employees up to par is a crucial part of an organization’s ability to meet its goals for output and profit. So how does a manager effectively harness the latent power and capabilities for optimal productivity found within workers?

For starters, managers must know when to intervene if worker performance falls below expectations. Some managers find confronting an employee whose performance is falling below standards difficult, but most accept it as an inextricable part of their work. Moreover, good managers are trained, through education and experience, to carry out just such duties. That training enables them to traverse such situations with grace and tact, which make discussing an uncomfortable topic, like unmet expectations for work habits or job performance, easier for all parties involved.

Both are prickly subjects, and although they’re interrelated, they’re not interchangeable — this much any manager worth his salt knows. When intervening in any of these two areas, managers do well to find ways of improving unsatisfactory employee behavior while maintain said worker’s self esteem. It’s likewise important to foment in the latter a positive outlook. In the end, every member of a team must remain accountable to the other members.

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Mar 05 2012

Mainstream Teachers Train to Educate Autistic Children

Published by under Autism

Childhood is a time of exploration that for some children and parents proves especially onerous. That’s most poignantly the case in families where a child has been diagnosed with Autism. The disorder renders especially difficult a child’s ability to communicate and to interact socially, which in turn brings forth significant social and educational challenges.

Before recent federal regulations were set in place, kids with Autism were taught in classrooms set apart from those designated for their non-Autistic peers. The new laws require that Autistic students be taught in regular classrooms as part of a school’s general population. It’s hoped that by being in regular classrooms children with the disorder will receive an education that’s equal to that obtained by their non-Autistic peers.

However, the inclusion of Autistic children in mainstream classrooms means that teachers must now learn new skill sets in order to make their intended scholastic impact among all the children present, whether Autistic and non-Autistic. Special trainings and seminars for that purpose are already taking place around the country.

It should be remembered that Autism is not a single developmental brain disorder but a group of them; together these are referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). At present, this group includes (1) Autistic disorder (2) Asperger’s disorder (3) Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (4) Rett’s disorder and (5) Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.

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Feb 29 2012

Suspect ADHD in Your Toddler? Proceed With Caution

Published by under ADHD

Finding out a child has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be very stressful for parents. But not having the tools needed to cope with that child’s struggles will result in even greater stress as the child grows up. However, if you suspect you child may have ADHD, and he or she is still a toddler, proceed with caution. Growing toddlers are known for their hyperactive nature, and because impulsive and inattentive behavior is so commonly observed in them, diagnosing real cases of ADHD in those under six can be difficult. Child psychologists will tell you that certain ADHD behaviors in preschoolers are “developmentally appropriate” for given situations.

Still, parents want to be vigilant about the warning signs. For instance, delayed speech ability, many noted instances of biting or hitting, and a tendency towards distraction that markedly exceeds that found in his or her peers merit a visit to the psychologist.

The root cause of ADHD is unknown, but imbalances of the brain, functional and structural, are thought to be involved. If you’ve observed persistent, troubling behavior for at least six months, seek out professional help. Aggressive behavior, coupled with poor social skills, can be extraordinarily challenging for the child involved, as well as for the parents.

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Sep 23 2013

What are the consequences of cyber bullying?

Published by under Chirldren

By Phin Upham

Do children know just how serious cyber bullying can be? E Science News reports that a new study that will be published in the International Journal of Social Media and Interactive Learning Environments reveals that many students are bullied and many have little or no knowledge of internet safety.

The article discusses the difference between the way children grow up today and the way their parents grew up. For example, according to the article, nine out of every ten children have access to a computer at home – technology that wasn’t even around when their parents were that young.  The researchers suggest that parents have to be more involved in monitoring online activity because being bullied on the internet might be even more dangerous than being harmed or bullied in the real world because there are no boundaries online. However, the study revealed that many parents aren’t monitoring online activity and that students do not understand the risks involved in cyber bullying and see it as no big deal.

Read entire article: http://esciencenews.com/articles/2013/09/05/what.are.risks.student.cyberbullying

About the Author: This article was submitted by Phin Upham. Phin Upham is an investor and writer from NYC. He has edited published several books, articles and essays.  You can find out more info about him at Phin Upham website or contact him at Phin Upham Facebook.

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Sep 05 2013

A Happy Accident

Published by under Science

Article by Angelina Zarok

A few year’s ago I used to work in Downtown LA. One day I accidently got stuck in the wrong lane and had to exit the freeway. The next entrance for the freeway was closed for construction, so I had to follow some detours to find the next entrance. Once this happened I discovered that this route would save me some time from the usual traffic in the freeway. I estimated that this route was saving me 3-5 minutes daily. I worked at my job for another 2 years after that point and I took that route daily, which at the end saved me a lot of time.

A “prepared mind,” means to always be ready and have an open, such that when accidental discoveries happen, you realize it. A person can prepare their mind to be open to chance by knowing that many scientific findings in the past have happened by accident.
Another good example of how an accident may have benefited the humanity is the discovery of cooking food. Our prehistoric ancestors probably discovered that meat tasted much better if cooked when they ran into burned animals due to jungle fires.

I think the sciences of physics and chemistry would both be good for letting people analyze their accidents.

I have read the story of Marie Curie when I was in junior high school. In case you don’t know her story, she discovered radioactivity, but sadly she died of exposure to radioactivity, because at the time the risks were not known. That is a good example of risks associated with research. Death is probably the worst example of risks with scientific discoveries that involves chance. Other risks could involve sickness and damage to personal or laboratory property. No doubt, many scientists have probably burned their laboratories due to explosions and fires, but at the end they have probably discovered something new.

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Aug 16 2013

Children’s Behavior Might Improve by Making Music

Published by under Chirldren

Article by Phineas Upham

How important is music making at a young age? Very! A new study reveals that making music at a young age can actually enhance pro-social behavior and problem solving skills, Science Daily reports.

According to the article, the study was conducted by academics Dr. Maddie Ohl, Dr Anne Manyande, and undergraduate student Rie Davies from the School of Psychology at the University of West London. The study tested the helpfulness, co-operation, and problem solving skills of both boys and girls and examined whether there was a difference between the sexes. The students were separated into two groups: the music making group and the non-music making group. The study found that all the children in the music group were over 30 times more likely to help others, and girls were over 20 times more likely to help than boys. The study also found that music making at a young age enhanced co-operation six times more than the children in the no music group. Finally, the study revealed that boys were four times more likely to solve problems than boys in the non-music group.

Read more: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130905202851.htm

About the Author: Phineas Upham is a writer and investor from NYC. You may contact him at Phineas Uphan Linkedin Page.


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Aug 30 2012

Puzzles help children with concentration problems

Published by under Behavior,Cognitive Development

Written by Angelina Zarok

Puzzles do help a lot children who have problems with concentrating and problem solving. My son started going to Mommy and Me classes at age 3. We were in a group with mixed age children and there were some who could not concentrate and had delays with their developing. So by means of puzzles and big blocks some of those children got so interested and could solve the puzzles and be able to concentrate on their given tasks.

Comprehension is an important part of the cognition since it teaches children to be able to determine the meaning and be able to understand better and be more clear. And you are absolutely correct; the combination of both cognition and comprehension gives a wonderful outcome for a child to be able to use his or her speech and be productive with it.

Children learn more than we can even imagine that is why we must never stop teaching them and working with them while we can. Since children have the tendency of learning more than adults can; for example it is easier for a child to learn a different language than for an adult.

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Aug 10 2012

James Holmes, Aurora shooter is mentally ill according to attorney

Published by under Mental Illnes

I found this interesting graphic today about James Holmes, the Aurora shooter who killed 24 people in a movie theater. Since this horrible shooting happened a couple of weeks ago, everyone has been wondering why the shooter did what he did and it is certainly obvious that this man is sick and has some kind of mental illnes. It was reported that his school psyhcatrist had talked to  him several times and had concluded that this man needs help, but before the school could take action James Holmes took off and did not return to school.  Perhaps there should be some sort of law to report these types of individuals to law enforcement.

Today at a hearing The attorney representing James Holmes claimed his client is mentally ill. It appears that this would be the defence route they will take to maybe get an insanity rulling.  Mr. Holmes looked daised and confused at this first hearing and many speculated he either was on drugs or had not had enough sleep.

It would be interesting to see the psychological and medical findings on this case.





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Aug 09 2012

Who Provides the Best Labiaplasty?

Published by under Medical

Labiaplasty can seem like an embarrassing topic, but many women think about it for a myriad of reasons. Women that have given birth have chances that things down there may have torn or worse. Prolapse is a fear that many women have, but that can be prevented.

Menorrhagia is a problem that many women have to deal with on a monthly basis. This is when there are seriously heavy periods. Heavy periods can cause interruptions that affect both in your personal and your professional life. There are options for people that suffer from this problem and talking to the best surgical gynecologist will help.

Dr. Berenholz is a surgeon that best thrives at gynecological surgery. He has helped thousands of patients from child birth all the way to vaginal rejuvenation for over 2 decades. His track record has been proven time and time again, which shows that he is a reliable and caring surgeon who wants to inform his patients in an honest and open way.

Labiaplasty indiana is a great way to get your vaginal area looking its best. This helps to add confidence in your daily life, as well as your sex life. There are many reasons as to why women choose to have these procedures done. One reason would be from childbirth. Often times, women do suffer from tearing and stretching during the birthing process. By electing to have a procedure done, this can help turn back the hands of time. Call him any time you have questions and set up an appointment.

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Jul 15 2012

Theories of cognition and language development

Article Written by Angelina Zarok

Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky proposed classical constructivist theories of cognitive development. Although, these two great theorists are often compared, there is a significant difference between their concepts.

Vigotsky’s theories concentrate on the relationship between human consciousness and the material world. This shows that the thought development of human beings is determined by the environment, hence considering the fact that education has a social character, and depends on both the reality that surrounds us, and our own experiences. According to Vygotsky, learning occurs through our interpretation of our experiences that we have of the world. Basically, he interprets learning as a process that takes place within us. When applying his theory to children, it states that children’s development takes place by their observation of interactions among people in their world, and by interacting with others, and how they use these interactions. This theory states that child’s development occurs outward to inward, meaning that the child receives the information from outsource and internalizes it. Continue Reading »

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Apr 22 2012

Top 5 Things Not to Eat Before Sleep

Published by under Health

Article Submitted by Weight loss & Skincare Products

Sleep is one of the most, if not the most important factors that affects our well-being. We need sleep to help our bodies recover from the day to day punishment we put it through. Unfortunately, millions of people do not get adequate sleep and as a result suffer without even realizing it. In a study by the NSF it was discovered that approximately 40 million Americans suffered from various sleep disorders. For some it can be a simple issue of changing a few lifestyle habits. If you snack after dinner, here are the top five worst foods you can eat, and why.

  1. Breakfast Cereals

This is definitely one to avoid. They are loaded with sugars and carbs and cause sugar levels to rise and crash, causing massive sleep disruption.

  1. Spicy food and Sauces
    Spicy food and sauces can stimulate your senses and that can make it difficult to fall asleep.
  2. Steak and Red Meat
    Steak and other red meat, due to the high protein and fat content take much longer to digest and can take definitely cause sleep issues.
  3. Citrus Fruits
    These fruits are awesome day time snacks. Sadly, late at night they can be responsible for heartburn or indigestion.
  4. Canned Soups
    Some canned soups contain high levels of Sodium, not to mention MSG. High levels of these will deter your ability to fall asleep. If soup is something you have as a post dinner snack, then check the label and try switching to a low sodium, non MSG brand.

Those are the top five foods to avoid. If you do have issues with sleep, try to stop late night snacking, or at the very least remove some of these foods.



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