Apr 26 2016

Mand Training

Published by under Behavior,Chirldren

By: Angelina Zarok

mom-giving-toddler-boy-toy       A mand is when a child makes a request for something. In behavioral terminology, a mand is a verbal response that is controlled by an establishing operation.

It is very important to note that mand training should be done across all environments, like home, school, community, etc. Mand training also should be done with all caregivers, such as moms, dads, teachers, grandparents, etc. Expectations should be consistent for the child. Continue Reading »

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Feb 25 2016

Urie Bronfenbrenner and his Theories

Published by under Chirldren

urie-bronfenbrenner     Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917-2005) developed the ecological systems theory to  explain how everything in a child and the child’s environment affects how a child grows and develops.    

As we have learned from our text, according to Bronfenbrenner , environment and all the layers of it have a huge impact on a child’s development and the process. Child’s own biology is a primary environment fueling his or her development. While growing up and going process of the development, the child’s immediate family, community, environment, and the societal landscapes steers his/her development. However, we cannot just pay closer attention the child’s immediate family and forget about the interaction which the child is having of the larger environment as well. Continue Reading »

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Feb 05 2016

Mainstream Teachers Train to Educate Autistic Children

Published by under Autism

Childhood is a time of exploration that for some children and parents proves especially onerous. That’s most poignantly the case in families where a child has been diagnosed with Autism. The disorder renders especially difficult a child’s ability to communicate and to interact socially, which in turn brings forth significant social and educational challenges.

Before recent federal regulations were set in place, kids with Autism were taught in classrooms set apart from those designated for their non-Autistic peers. The new laws require that Autistic students be taught in regular classrooms as part of a school’s general population. It’s hoped that by being in regular classrooms children with the disorder will receive an education that’s equal to that obtained by their non-Autistic peers. Continue Reading »

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Sep 25 2015

Challenges of Adolescent Years 12-18

Published by under Adolescent

Bteenagersy Angelina Zarok

As we already know, when young people move from childhood to adolescence, they start facing with difficult challenges. They all want to know who they are. They start asking themselves a lot of different questions including, “What am I going to do with my life?”These are years of transition and development. When a person is seeking to change, define, find, or discover their new self, they will with no questions asked will run into conflicts until they find their true selves. Continue Reading »

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Aug 13 2015

Mutual Accountability Between Manager and Employee

Published by under Mutual Accountability

Article Courtesy of BestBusinesses.org.

Within business hierarchy, managers are those responsible for the performance of employees under their supervision. Maintaining the behavior and performance of employees up to par is a crucial part of an organization’s ability to meet its goals for output and profit. So how does a manager effectively harness the latent power and capabilities for optimal productivity found within workers?

For starters, managers must know when to intervene if worker performance falls below expectations. Continue Reading »

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Apr 29 2015

Suspect ADHD in Your Toddler? Proceed With Caution

Published by under ADHD,Chirldren

Finding out a child has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be very stressful for parents. But not having the tools needed to cope with that child’s struggles will result in even greater stress as the child grows up. However, if you suspect you child may have ADHD, and he or she is still a toddler, proceed with caution. Growing toddlers are known for their hyperactive nature, and because impulsive and inattentive behavior is so commonly observed in them, diagnosing real cases of ADHD in those under six can be difficult. Child psychologists will tell you that certain ADHD behaviors in preschoolers are “developmentally appropriate” for given situations. Continue Reading »

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Mar 26 2015

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Bulimia

Published by under Behavior,Cognitive Development

Bulimia nervosa, non-purging bulimia, and binge-eating disorder are three inter-related medical conditions and they should not to be mistaken for being one and the same thing. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that currently affects more women than men: for every ten women diagnosed, one man is. The condition is characterized by periods of marked overeating — binging — that are followed by some purging activity like regurgitation or the consumption of laxatives to rid the body of the excessively consumed food. Afterwards, those affected by the condition experience guilt or shame. Continue Reading »

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Mar 19 2014

Giving Three-Year-Olds Choice and Praising Good Behavior

Published by under Behavior,Chirldren

Article Courtesy of Health Cyber.

Some say the Terrible Two’s are the most taxing time to be a toddler’s parent. But even one year later, the road of parenting can be rough, which is not to say that these wearying periods are completely bereft of wonderment or joy.

Parents, as it’s always been the case, must get their bearings together and tough it out; age three is when children are privy to key developmental lessons, and parental guidance is crucial. Helping them navigate this time with grace will be rewarding for the both of you. At three, kids gain a more concrete sense of their own individuality, and it’s also during this period that their curiosity about the world expands astronomically. They’ll be posing questions left and right. Continue Reading »

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Mar 20 2016

Activating the Visual Cortex Improves Our Sense of Smell

Published by under Disorders,Medical

visual-cortexNew studies has indicated, that activating the visual cortex improves our sense of smell. This has been achieved by studying the various cortex’s within the brain, and in this case by stimulating the visual cortex with small electrical pulses.

Our senses consist of smell, taste, touch, hearing and sight. These senses are separated into areas of the brain. However, when we look at the world, our brain uses a combination of these cortex’s in order to gain a more coherent interpretation of what we are experiencing. Continue Reading »

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Mar 10 2016

Why is divorce so hard on the family

Published by under Chirldren,Legal Matters

Divorce wreaks havoc on the family. Children suffer more than anyone. After divorce, the constant contact with a loved parent is gone. Children lose their motivation and become overwhelmed as they watch their mother or father fall into depression as a result of the divorce. Some young people fall into a promiscuous lifestyle and engage in risky behaviors as a way to deal with the anger and apathy they feel. A Long Beach family law attorney understands the challenges that a divorce, and especially a prolonged divorce, will have on a family. They work hard to make the divorce process as clean and straightforward as the circumstances allow.

One of the biggest challenges associated with a divorce is determining who has custody of the children. A child custody attorney Long Beach will work with their client to help them present as strong a case as the circumstances allow as to why they should have sole custody or partial custody of their children.

Divorce lawyers in Long Beach CA become very familiar with their clients. Unfortunately, because of the different legal situations that arise following a divorce, divorced spouses are in and out of court frequently, especially during those first few years. They see first-hand the challenges children face as they are told by judges to basically choose between their mother or their father. Divorce is a messy situation that has a painful impact on all involved.

For this reason, Long Beach divorce attorneys work with their clients in a dignified yet empathetic way. They understand the pain their clients are going through, and so they do what they can to make the divorce process as clean and straightforward as possible.

Riley Khorram is a family law attorney in Long Beach, Ca who can help in legal matters related to separation of marriage.  

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Feb 16 2016


Published by under Behavior

behavior1A method of evaluating a person’s behavior that provides us with a very precise picture of its regularity or severity is “behavioral recording”.

There are several methods of recording behavior such as :

Event Recording includes a wide variety of procedures for detecting and recording the number of times a behavior of interest occurs. Event recording has couple of devices to record events besides pencil and paper. Wrist counters, hand-tally digital counters, abacus wrist and shoestring counters, masking tape, pennies, buttons, paper clips, and pocket calculators (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007). Continue Reading »


Jan 26 2016


Published by under Behavior

selecting behaviourAccording  Cooper, Heron & William (2007), because behavior occurs within and across time, it has three fundamental properties, or dimensional quantities, that behavior analysts can measure.    Those fundamental properties are : Repeatability which is also called countability, Temporal extent, and Temporal locus. Repeatability is an ability of a test to repeatedly accrue the same result in subsequent measurements. Temporal extent is when every instance of behavior occurs during some amount of time. Lastly. Temporal locus is when every instance of behavior occurs at a certain point in time with respect to other events (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007, p.75). Continue Reading »


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